2022: Year in Review


Today marks one month since this project's launch! I'm incredibly proud to be able to share it with you. Despite the russian missile strikes, including the one on New Year's Eve, during the major power outages and rolling blackouts in my city, I managed to keep this website updated since December 1 up until the Christmas day. The #WebComponentsAdvent turned out to be quite a challenge though.

After taking a short break, I'm fully committed to moving this project forward next year. Stay tuned for regular updates with new awesome content, as I already have quite a few items on my backlog! I'm also planning to publish blog posts on a monthly basis. And in the meantime, check out a brief recap of notable Web Components improvements and fixes that landed in the browsers this year.

  • Firefox 96 landed on January 11 added the WebDriver:GetElementShadowRoot command to retrieve the shadow root (open or closed) hosted by a given element.
  • Firefox 101 released on May 31 enabled support for constructable stylesheets. After long discussions on the API shape, this proposal finally reached the consensus.
  • WebKit added support for ElementInternals interface — a great contribution by Alexey Shvayka. This API is a foundation for a few features, including form associated Custom Elements.
  • WebKit fixed a bunch of issues related to CSS selectors like :host(), :focus, :focus-within, and :lang when used with Shadow DOM in Safari TP 150.
  • WebKit added support for “Get Element Shadow Root”, “Find Element From Shadow Root”, and “Find Elements From Shadow Root” commands in Safari TP 151.
  • WebKit updated Shadow DOM focusing to the latest spec, including some improvements to delegatesFocus mechanism. Related change also landed in Safari TP 151.
  • WebKit engineer Ryosuke Niwa prototyped support for declarative Shadow DOM. This resulted in a new discussion and some updates to the proposal by Mason Freed from Google.
  • WebKit implemented ARIA id-ref reflection for ElementInternals. This change in Safari TP 156 is an important part of the Accessibility Object Model (AOM) proposal.
  • WebKit enabled support for constructable stylesheet objects, including adoptedStyleSheets. This was a yet another Web Components improvement that landed in Safari TP 156.
  • Chrome published intent to prototype streaming declarative shadow DOM. This will introduce differences compared to the original implementation added in Chrome 90.
  • WebKit fixed a bug preventing Shadow DOM content from being exposed to accessibility clients when used in an aria-modal or dialog. This fix was released in Safari TP 160.
  • WebKit has a PR by Alexey Shvayka to implement form associated Custom Elements currently in review. This feature might land in Safari Technology Preview early next year.
  • WebKit also has a PR by Ryosuke Niwa to enable declarative shadow DOM by default. At the time of writing this PR is also in review, hopefully it will be merged soon.
  • Firefox expressed interest in declarative Shadow DOM proposal too. Henri Sivonen from the Gecko team commented about some plans to take a closer look after the holidays.

That's a wrap for Web Components in 2022 — and in my opinion, it has been quite a productive year for browser vendors and standards advancement. I'm really excited about the progress on declarative shadow DOM, and constructable stylesheets getting close to stable. In my opinion, both specs are very valuable additions to the set of Web Components standards.

Finally, I want to say thank you to everyone who helped to spread the word about this project and to boost my posts on Mastodon and Twitter. Staying focused and getting this website done became my own recipe to relieve anxiety and stress from the russian war against my country. Happy New Year to everyone in Ukraine and to all our supporters! Please stand with Ukraine in 2023.